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Aerospace related training

Lexicon

  • A M D E C
    " Analyse des Modes de Défaillance et de leurs Effets et de leur Criticité" :
    Analysis of the failures modes, of their effects and of their criticity
  • A T M
    Air Traffic Management
  • BITE
    Built-In Test equipment
  • C I F
    " Congé Individuel de Formation" : Individual leave for training
  • C N S
    Communication, Navigation, Surveillance
  • C P G E
    " Classes Préparatoires aux Grandes Ecoles ":
    Preparatory class for the competitive entrance examinations for Grandes Ecoles
  • C P I
    " Conception de Produits Industriels" : Design of industrial products
  • C T I
    The CTI (Commission des Titres d' Ingénieur) is an independent body, mandated by French law since 1934 to empower all training for engineers, to develop the quality of training, to promote the title and profession of engineer France and abroad.
  • E E A P R
    "Électronique, Électrotechnique, Automatique, Productique et Réseaux" :
    Electronics, Electrotechnics, Automatisation, Production and networks
  • EASA
    European Aviation Safety Agency
  • ECTS
    European Credit Transfer System.
    This designation is used to identify the various milestones along the LMD path.
  • EPCSCP
    Etablissements Publics à Caractère Scientifique, Culturels et Professionnels [Public Scientific, Cultural and Professional Establishments :
    - Universities,
    - National Polytechnic Institutes,
    - Non-university institutes and schools,
    - French schools abroad...
  • EPESR
    Etablissement Public d'Enseignement Supérieur et de Recherche :
    Public Higher Education and Research Establishment
  • FESIC (concours)
    Competitive entry examination for the Fédération d'Ecoles Supérieures d'Ingénieurs et de Cadres [Federation of Engineering and Executive Grandes Ecoles]
  • G E A
    Groupe des Ecoles Aéronautiques et Spatiales de France :
    Group of French Aeronautics and Space Technology schools

    This group includes ENAC (Ecole Nationale de l'Aviation Civile, the French Civil Aviation University), ISAE (Institut Supérieur de l' Aéronautique et de l' Espace) - from union between ENSICA (Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Ingénieurs de Constructions Aéronautiques, the National College of Aerospace Engineering), and SUPAERO (Ecole Nationale Supérieure de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace, the National College for Aeronautics and Space)- and ENSMA (Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechnique, the National College of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering).
  • G I M
    " Génie Industriel et Maintenance" : Industrial engineering and Maintenance
  • G M P
    Génie Mécanique Productique :
    Industrial automation engineering
  • IELTS
    If you are planning to emigrate or apply to a university in another country, the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) enables you to determine your proficiency in English and thus satisfy any necessary entry conditions.

    IELTS is:
    - internationally recognised,
    - available in 106 countries,
    - accepted or required by many universities in the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and Canada,
    - quick: results are provided within a week of taking the test,
    - open to all applicants aged 16 or over.

    There are two versions of the test:
    - Academic: if you plan to apply for a place at a university in another country,
    - General: if you are emigrating, planning to follow a non-university training programme overseas, or intending to work abroad.
  • L M D
    An international reform

    This involves reforms undertaken at the European level (the Bologna Process, initiated in 1999) to restructure all university degrees in order to make the entire European higher education curriculum compatible and encourage student mobility. Forty countries thus made the decision to standardise their degrees between 2002 and 2010.

    Studies are broken down into three stages.

    Each level of study or grade is reached by acquiring ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) credits, 30 ECTS credits per semester, rather than through the validation of a number of years of study.

    - A Batchelor's degree (Licence, three years of higher education) is validated by obtaining 180 credits.
    - A Master's degree (five years of higher education) is validated by obtaining 120 ECTS credits after the Licence. It replaces the Maîtrise and the DEA and DESS post-graduate level and may relate to one of two fields of study, vocational or research, with the possibility of changing from one to the other.
    - A Doctoral degree is attainable after the Master.

    Organised by Teaching Units (UE – Unités d’enseignement)

    The system is regulated by teaching units. Each is worth a certain number of credits and corresponds to the number of hours of work (classes, tutorials, practical work, private study) that the student must accomplish in order to obtain his/her degree.

    Adoption of semesters

    - The Licence is broken down into six semesters.
    - The Master is organised into four semesters.

    Thirty credits are assigned to each semester.
    Henceforth, we refer to credits and not years, to identify the different levels. Credits represent a number of hours of classes, tutorials (TD), practical work (TP) or private study. They can also be used to validate training courses, voluntary work or trips abroad.

    The validation of a student's knowledge (continual assessment, examinations, etc) in a subject is accompanied by the awarding of credits (credits per semester). These are internationally recognised and:
    - are transferable within France and Europe;
    - represent permanently-valid academic credits, regardless of the duration of the educational cursus.
  • Level of the training
    Level IV : French Bac
    Level III : French Bac+2 ( BTS, DUT )
    Level II : French Bac + 3 (French Licence or Bachelor )
    Level I : French Bac + 5 (Master)
  • M B A
    For a time, the Master of Business Administration was the exclusive preserve of American universities. Nowadays, this kind of education is widespread, particularly in Europe and Asia.
    Some training in this category has been accredited by quality certification organisations, which in Europe include: EQUIS (European Foundation for Management Development) and AMBA (Association of MBAs).
  • M E M A
    Aeronautical materials maintenance and operations
  • M I
    "Mathématiques et Informatique" : Mathematics and Informatic (computer science)
  • M I A G E
    Méthodes Informatiques Appliquées à la Gestion des Entreprises :
    Master's degree in computer studies applied to management
  • M P
    Mathematics, Physics
  • M R O
    Maintenance, Repair and Operations
  • MAE
    Master of Business Administration
  • Master
    Since the LMD reforms began, the Master has been understood to mean two things:

    - firstly a grade (five years of higher education) marking the successful conclusion of one of the elements of the LMD progression.

    - also a degree awarded by business and engineering schools, generally "non-consular", meaning that it is independent of any chamber of commerce and industry.
  • Mastère spécialisé
    The Specialised Mastère is not a degree but a qualification awarded solely by the Conférence des Grandes Ecoles member establishments.
    It is awarded only to a select few.
    There are currently around 300 holders of Specialised Mastère, more or less equally distributed among the various engineering and business schools.
  • S G M
    "Sciences et Génie des Mtériaux": Sciences and materials engineering
  • S I G
    Systèmes d'Informations Géographiques :
    Geographical Information Systems, GIS
  • S M E
    Environment Management System
  • S M I
    Integrated Management System
  • S M Q
    Quality Management System
  • S T I
    Sciences et Techniques Industrielles :
    Industrial Science and Technologies

    Sciences et Techniques de l'Ingénieur :
    Engineering Sciences and Technologies
  • S T I C
    Sciences and Technologies for Information and Communication
  • T O E F L
    Test of English as a Foreign Language

    The TEST OF ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE (TOEFL) aims to determine the proficiency in English of any non-native English speaker. Most colleges and universities in the United States and English-speaking parts of Canada use TOEFL results in their foreign student admissions procedures. Moreover, a number of companies use TOEFL results when recruiting non-native English-speaking employees. TOEFL was created by the Educational Testing Service (ETS), a private organisation based in Princeton, New Jersey, which is currently responsible for developing and managing the tests.

    Since 1998, computers have been used to conduct TOEFL tests in Europe (http://www.ets.org/toefl). The TOEFL CBT (Computer Based Test) lasts approximately 4.5 hours. It consists of four parts, each in the form of multiple choice questions (MCQ): Listening (oral comprehension), Structure (grammar), Reading (written comprehension) and Writing (written expression).

    The results of a TOEFL test are given according to a scale. Generally, a score of 600 is deemed as excellent, whereas 400 or less is considered to be inadequate.

    Following the examination a certificate is awarded, which is valid for two years for overseas universities.
  • U E
    The Unité d'enseignement (Teaching Unit) is an integral part of the various grades in the LMD educational curriculum.

    Each UE is worth a certain number of ECTS credits and marks a student's accomplishment of a particular number of hours of work (classes, tutorials, practical work, private study).
  • U F R
    Unité de Formation et de Recherche :
    Research and Training Unit
  • V A E
    Validation des Acquis de l'Expérience :
    Accreditation of Prior Learning, APL